The Thirteen Virtues of Benjamin Franklin*
  1. Temperance: Eat not to dullness. Drink not to elevation.
  2. Silence: Speak not but what may benefit others or you. Avoid trifling conversation.
  3. Order: Let all your things have their places. Let each part of your business have its time.
  4. Resolution: Resolve to perform what you ought. Perform without fail what you resolve.
  5. Frugality: Make no expense but to do good to others or yourself, i.e. waste nothing.
  6. Industry: Lose no time. Be always employed in something useful. Cut off all unnecessary actions.
  7. Sincerity: Use no harmful deceit. Think innocently and justly; if you speak, speak accordingly.
  8. Justice: Wrong none by doing injuries or omitting the benefits that are your duty.
  9. Moderation: Avoid extremes. Forbear resenting injuries so much as you think they deserve.
  10. Cleanliness: Tolerate no uncleanness in body, clothes or habitation. 
  11.  Tranquility: Be not disturbed at trifles or at accidents common or unavoidable.
  12. Chastity: Rarely use venery but for health or offspring-never to dullness, weakness, or injury of your own or another's peace or reputation.
  13. Humility: Imitate Jesus or Socrates


The Virtues of Aristotle**

Courage as the mean of being Rash and Cowardly

Temperance as the mean of Profligacy and Insensible (to hostile to pleasure)

Liberality as the mean of Prodigality and Meanness in the spending of small amounts of money

Magnificence as the mean of Tastelessness and Paltriness in the spending of great amounts of money

Greatness of Soul as the mean of Vanity and Smallness of Soul in the search for great honors

Ambitiousness as the mean between ambition and unambitious in the search for small honors

Gentleness as the mean between Irascibility and Spiritless in dealing with anger

Truthful as the mean between boastful and self-depreciation

Wittiness as the mean between Buffoonery and Boorishness

Friendliness as the mean between flattery and quarrelsome

*From The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin, a restoration of "Fair Copy" by Max Farrnad. California UP, 1949.

**From Aristotle The Nicomachean Ethics translated by H. Rackham Harvard UP, Cambridge Ma, 1994